1. Injuries and trades have forced constant adjustments to the Blazers'lineup. 2. His dissertation was titled " A quantum-mechanical calculation of inter-atomic force constants in copper ." 3. Here x _ i is the state of the system and F is a forcing constant . 4. The force constant would be 100x9.80665 = 980.665. 5. Most commonly, an electronic feedback loop is employed to keep the probe-sample force constant during scanning. 6. This gives the ligand a higher force constant . 7. In the end, it all came back to Wilson, a hero whose humanity forces constant reconsideration. 8. Where k is the spring constant ( or force constant ), which is particular to the spring. 9. Denoted } }, it is also called the electric force constant or electrostatic constant, hence the subscript. 10. Many commercial AFM cantilever tips have pre-measured resonant frequencies and force constants which are provided to the customer.