11. The early stigmata of disease, drusen, are rich in cholesterol, offering face validity to the results of genome-wide association studies. 12. Thus, the article was kept because there was a combination of external verification AND apple pie face validity of the phenomenon. 13. :" Face validity " : The model of service quality has its roots in the expectancy-disconfimation paradigm that informs customer satisfaction. 14. As a psychometric scale, the Riddle scale has been considered to have acceptable face validity but its exact psychometric properties are unknown. 15. When there is peer reviewed research, convergent face validity is the standard by which the article is judged to accurately reflect that research. 16. Although " role " has become bothersome, ascription and achievement have such strong face validity that they are rarely challenged or examined. 17. Generally, face validity means that the test " looks like " it will work, as opposed to " has been shown to work ". 18. Additionally, the estimate's of media bias do not comport with more direct measures of media bias derived from computational text analysis or sometimes face validity. 19. Some people use the term face validity to refer only to the validity of a test to observers who are not expert in testing methodologies. 20. Interestingly, Safren and colleagues found that the relationship between social interactional anxiety and performance anxiety in their studies, showed high face validity but lacked construct validity.