1. His way of looking at nature and sociotechnical systems certainly shaped our thinking, 2. He subsequently published'The Characteristics of Sociotechnical Systems'in 1959. 3. Business engineering focuses on developing innovative business solutions that take a sociotechnical systems ( STS ) approach. 4. Sociotechnical systems is one part of a comprehensive theoretical framework called Open Systems Theory ( OST ). 5. Sociotechnical theory, as distinct from sociotechnical systems, proposes a number of different ways of achieving joint optimization. 6. Sociotechnical theory, as distinct from sociotechnical systems, proposes a number of different ways of achieving joint optimisation. 7. A central concept in his work is sociotechnical systems, i . e . he regards techniques as societal structures. 8. In 1990 he was appointed Professor of Sociotechnical System at the University of Nijmegen, where he retired March 31, 1995. 9. Sociotechnical systems pertains to theory regarding the social aspects of people and society and technical aspects of organizational structure and processes. 10. The most interesting chapters for Wikipedians will be V Wikipedia as a Sociotechnical System and VI Wikipedia as Collective Intelligence.