A reaction against the relentless miserablism of " Acedia ", History Of Guns followed it up with " The Spice Girls"
And outside its adjunctive origins as a projected Bowie album; known to be a play on Fritz Lang's film title Metropolis, over decades it has gathered semiotic connotations inferring'diabolism','miserablism'and'sleep walking '.
If the three other features-- " Secrets & amp; Lies, " " Career Girls " and the dolorous " All or Nothing, " an exercise in miserablism verging on self-parody-- were less successful, it is because, like his filmmaking compatriot Ken Loach, Leigh sometimes betrays his art for some political finger-wagging.
Calling it a " glum, humorless exercise in Asian miserablism ", he wrote that " " Stray Dogs ", with its glacial pace and disconnected narrative, often feels more like an art installation than like a movie . " He added that the film " sustains a hypnotic intensity anchored in exquisite cinematography that portrays the modern industrial cityscape as a chilly wasteland ."